The Pyrenean flora is rich in endemic species with over 160 Pyreneo-Cantabrian endemics such as
Androsace ciliata and pyrenaica.
The many other plants of particular interest include the numerous Gentians and Orchids and particular species like the Pyrenean Turk’s Cap Lily.
The high number of endemic species is largely due to the isolation of the Pyrenees and the Cantabrian range in relation to other European mountain ranges and each altitude band has its own specific kind of vegetation.
We very much recommend a visit to the Botanical Garden in Barèges which is devoted to the Pyrenean flora.
It comprises two hectares of mixed terrain with rocky areas, clearings, grassland, moorland, forest and humid areas to represent the different habitats found in nature. Each area has explanatory signs to help you identify the plants, it is a wonderful learning tool to recognise the flora one finds in the wild.
See our flower and orchid galleries.